Workshop IV
- Cyber-Security of Autonomous Vehicle Platooning

Prof. Heidar Ali Talebi, Amirkabir University of Technology

Heidar Ali Talebi received his BS degree in Electronics from Ferdowsi University, Mashhad, Iran, in 1988, MSc degree in Electronics (with first class honours) from Tarbiat Modarres University, Tehran, Iran, in 1991, and his PhD degree in Electrical and Computer Engineering from Concordia University, Montreal, QC, Canada, in 1997. He held several postdoctoral and research positions at Concordia University and University of Western Ontario, before joining Amirkabir University of Technology in 1999 where he is currently a professor. From 2002 to 2004, he also served as the Head of Control Systems Group in Amirkabir University. His research interests include control, robotics, fault diagnosis and recovery, intelligent systems, adaptive control, nonlinear control and real-time systems.

Dr. Iman Sharifi, K. N. Toosi University of Technology

Iman Sharifi received his B.Sc. degree in Electrical Engineering from Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran, Iran, in 2009. He was exempt from national M.Sc. entrance exam, as a talented student. He also received the M.Sc. degree as first ranked student in Electrical Engineering from Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran, Iran, in 2012. Therefore, he exempted from national PhD entrance exam as talented student. He is currently working toward the Ph.D. degree in the Center of Excellence of Robotics and Nonlinear Control at Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran, Iran. Moreover, he is a visiting doctoral researcher in the Telerobotic and Biorobotic Systems Lab of University of Alberta, Canada. His research interests are Nonlinear Control Systems, Medical Teleoperation Systems (Tele-rehabilitation and Tele-surgery), Real-time Computing Systems, Embedded Systems Based on New OS such as Android.

Kosar Behnia, The Chinese University of Hong Kong

First of all I follow my hurt and pursue my passion. I am passionate about control engineering and I love web development and artificial intelligence. By following my heart an curiosity I learn a lot about machine learning and image processing and still there is a lot to learn for me. I currently take a summer internship @ efarda company l work on machine learning . I love control engineering too . As i see it mixture of control and software engineering can change the world. I am Msc student at amirkabir university and I am trying to develop algorithms for enhancing security of cyber physical systems.

Elnaz Firouzmand, Amirkabir University of Technology

Speech Title: "Cable-Driven Parallel Robots: Control Challenges and Solutions"

Bio: Dr. Mohammad A. Khosravi has received his M.Sc. and Ph.D. degree both from K. N. Toosi University of Technology, Tehran, Iran, in 2013, respectively, in electrical engineering. He is currently an assistant professor with Amirkabir University of Technology. His research interests lie in the areas of parallel robotics, cable driven robots, robust control and nonlinear control theory.

More Information

Objectives: In today world, the control of physical systems is no longer based on traditional methods and all of the processes can be connected and controlled by the communication links. These systems which are resulted from the integration and coordination of cyber and physical component are called cyber-Physical systems (CPSs). These systems have numerous applications in real-life and industries such as mobility and transportation, health care, smart homes and smart grids, to name a few.
Recently, due to energy consumption and traffic congestions, smart transportation is becoming one of the trending field both in the academic areas and industries. A great deal of research has been put into investigation to transform the traditional way of driving and transportation to the new generation of self-driving cars. Currently, Google and Tesla are actively focusing on this field.

Lots of economic and environmental advantages come along with smart mobility, when autonomous (semi-autonomous) cars interact with each other in platoons. Vehicle platooning is referring to a group of cars travelling together with the minimum distance and specified velocity. Some of prestigious projects around the world which revolve around vehicle platooning are SCANIA, Energy ITS, GCDC and PATH.

The vehicles in a platoon are connected through the cyber space. Communication topologies among leaders and followers in the platoon might be unidirectional, bidirectional or Leader-Predecessor. The longitudinal control of vehicles can be done through the mentioned communication topologies either in one platoon or multiple mini-platoons. However, these communication links are prone to cyber attacks such as jamming, DoS, False Data injection, covert and etc.
Security of vehicle platooning is highly dependent on the safe communication infrastructures. Any intrusion in the cyber components can be perilous to the passengers’ safety. Furthermore, they may cause faults and failures on the vehicles as long as their related physical infrastructures. Therefore, providing a reliable information links between vehicles is a major issue which cannot be completely addressed via current information security methods such as authentication, access control, message integrity. In fact, a more solid way of protection is acquired while designing a CPSs. Attack Detection, Identification, Mitigation and resilient controllers are the key toward reaching safe CPSs such as in autonomous vehicle platooning.

In this Workshop, we start with the definition of platoon vehicles and their communication structures. Then, we do a comprehensive talk about cyber-security and cyber attacks and the main steps in designing resilient and secure control strategies. Finally, the simulation and implementation of secure platoon is/will be presented. The main agenda of the workshop is given as follows:

• Platoon vehicles
- What is autonomous vehicle platooning?
- Pros and Cons
- Different communication network structures
- Communication security issues in platooning
• Cyber-Security
- What is Cyber-Security?
- Goal of Cyber-Attacks
- Classification of Attacks
- Attack Models and Different types of Attacks
- Attack detection strategies
- Designing Resilient control strategies
• Case study
- Platoon mathematical modeling
- Attack model
- Resilient control strategy
- Simulation and implementation

Intended Audience: The audience of this workshop includes enthusiastic students and educated researchers in the field of cyber physical systems security, autonomous vehicles and Internet of Things. Therefore, this workshop provides a rare opportunity to widen their knowledge by becoming familiar with the state-of-the-art algorithms in the field of cyber security for cyber physical systems with the concentration on autonomous vehicle platooning.
Moreover, Industry and start-ups activist in mobility and smart transportation can get comprehensive information on the current challenges toward cyber security in platoon cars. Without a doubt, this will give them a chance to take a step toward solving cyber security issues by designing secure and resilient control systems.
This workshop can also be very helpful for graduate and PhD students. They can expand their horizons on the communication challenges and present more practical thesis and projects.
Professors can also share their knowledge and experience in this field by attending this workshop. Finally, Q&A provides a good opportunity to solve the audience’s problems.
At Robotic and Real-time Lab of Electrical Engineering Department of Amirkabir University, we are pleased to cooperate with professional people, researchers and those students who are interested in doing research in this field and this workshop could be a great starting point for future collaborations!